- Cerebral Palsy:
Cerebral palsy is a neurological disorder that occurs when there is abnormal development of or damage to areas of the child’s brain that regulate their motor function.
Most cases of cerebral palsy are congenital resulting from a genetic condition that occurs before birth. It can also result from lack of oxygen to the brain during birth.
Epilepsy is a neurological condition that leads to abnormal electrical activity in the child’s brain, thus putting them at risk of seizures.
Symptoms of epilepsy are:
- Jerking movements in the arms and legs
- Stiffening of the child’s body
- Breathing difficulties
Epilepsy can be diagnosed by performing an electroencephalogram (EEG) on the affected child.
- Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD):
Autism is a chronic neurological disorder of early brain development, which affects a child’s thinking, feeling and speaking. Genetic factors may be the cause of autism in many cases. Children with autism experience delays in social interaction, as well as verbal (language) and non-verbal (eye contact) communication alike. Autistic children also demonstrate repetitive or unusual behaviors such as repeating certain words or actions.
- Attention-deficit Disorder (ADD):
Attention deficit disorder (ADD), also known as hyperactivity disorder, is a neurological condition that leads to several behavioral difficulties in a child, including hyperactivity, impulsivity and distraction.